Big Idea 1: Evolution

The process of development drives the diversity and unity of life

Enin the time of Understanding 1.A. Change in the genetic makeup of a population over time is evolution

1.A.1: Natural selection is a major mechanism of evolution1.A.2: Natural selection acts on phenotypic variations in populations1.A.3: Evolutionary readjust is additionally driven by random processes1.A.4: Biological advancement is supported by scientific evidence from many type of techniques, consisting of mathematics

Enin the time of Understanding 1.B: Organisms are connected by lines of descent from widespread ancestry

1.B.1: Organisms share many conoffered core processes and attributes that advanced and are extensively spread among organisms today1.B.2: Phylogenetic trees and also cladograms are graphical representations of evolutionary history that can be tested.

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Enthroughout Understanding 1.C: Life continues to evolve within a changing environment

1.C.1: Speciation and also extinction have emerged throughout the Earth"s history1.C.2: Speciation may occur when 2 populaces become reproductively isolated from each other1.C.3: Populations of organisms continue to evolve

Enin the time of Understanding 1.D: The beginning of living systems is described by natural processes

1.D.1: Tright here are numerous hypotheses about the herbal beginning of life on earth, each with sustaining evidence1.D.2: Scientific proof from many kind of various techniques supports models of the beginning of life


Sample Learning Objectives

evaluate evidence offered by information to qualitatively and also quantitatively investigate the role of organic selection in development.

make predictions around the impacts of hereditary drift, migration and artificial selection on the genetic makeup of a population.

pose clinical inquiries that correctly determine crucial properties of mutual, core life procedures that provide insights right into the background of life on Earth

evaluate proof offered by a data collection in conjunction through a phylohereditary tree or a simple cladogram to determine evolutionary background and also speciation

style a setup to answer clinical concerns regarding just how organisms have actually adjusted over time utilizing indevelopment from morphology, biochemisattempt and also geology

Big Idea 2: Energy

Biological systems use totally free energy and molecular structure blocks to grow, to recreate, and to preserve dynamic homeostasis

Enthroughout Understanding 2.A. Growth, remanufacturing and maintenance of the organization of living systems call for complimentary power and also matter

2.A.1: All living units call for constant input of totally free energy2.A.2: Organisms capture and store free power for usage in organic processes2.A.3: Organisms need to exreadjust matter through the environment to thrive, redevelop and also keep organization

Enduring understanding 2.B: Growth, remanufacturing and also dynamic homeostasis need that cell produce and maintain interior settings that are different from their exterior environments

2.B.1: Cell membranes are selectively permeable because of their structure2.B.2: Growth and dynamic homeostasis are maintained by the constant activity of molecules throughout membranes.2.B.3: Eukaryotic cells keep inner membranes that partition the cell into specialized regions

Enduring understanding 2.C: Organisms usage feedback mechanisms to control growth and remanufacturing, and also to maintain dynamic homeostasis.

2.C.1: Organisms usage feedago mechanisms to keep their internal settings and also respond to exterior eco-friendly changes.2.C.2: Organisms respond to alters in their outside atmospheres.

Enthroughout knowledge 2.D: Growth and dynamic homeostasis of a biological device are affected by alters in the system’s environment

2.D.1: All organic systems from cells and also organisms to populaces, areas and ecodevices are impacted by complex biotic and abiotic interactions including exadjust of matter and complimentary energy2.D.2: Homeostatic mechanisms reflect both widespread genealogy and also divergence due to adaptation in different environments2.D.3: Biological units are affected by interruptions to their dynamic homeostasis.2.D.4: Plants and also animals have actually a variety of chemical defenses versus infections that impact dynamic homeostasis.

Enin the time of expertise 2.E: Many biological procedures associated in expansion, reproduction and also dynamic homeostasis encompass tempdental regulation and also coordination.

2.E.1: Timing and also coordination of certain occasions are vital for the normal advancement of an organism, and also these occasions are regulated by a range of mechanisms2.E.2: Timing and also coordicountry of physiological events are regulated by multiple mechanisms.2.E.3: Timing and coordination of behavior are regulated by various mechanisms and are crucial in organic selection.


Sample Learning Objectives

explain exactly how biological systems usage free energy based on empirical data that all organisms require consistent energy input to preserve organization, to grow and to reproduce

predict just how changes in complimentary energyavailcapacity impact organisms, populaces and ecosystems

construct explanations of the mechanisms and structural features of cells that permit organisms to capture, keep or usage free energy

use calculated surconfront area-to-volume ratios to predict which cell(s) can remove wastes or procure nutrients quicker by diffusion

construct models that attach the activity of molecules across membranes through membrane structure and also function

explain exactly how inner membranes and also organelles contribute to cell attributes.

analyze data to identify feasible patterns and also relationships in between a biotic or abiotic factor and a organic mechanism

The student can develop depictions and models to define immune responses

Big Idea 3: Information

Living systems keep, retrieve, transmit and respond to indevelopment necessary to life procedures.

Enduring expertise 3.A: Heritable information provides for continuity of life.

3.A.1: DNA, and in some situations RNA, is the major resource of heritable information.3.A.2: In eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation via procedures that incorporate the cell cycle and also mitosis or meiosis plus fertilization. 3.A.3: The chromosomal basis of inheritance provides an understanding of the pattern of passage (transmission) of genes from parent to offspring3.A.4: The inheritance pattern of many type of traits cannot be described by basic Mendelian genetics.

Enin the time of understanding 3.B: Expression of hereditary indevelopment involves cellular and also molecular mechanisms.

3.B.1: Gene regulation outcomes in differential gene expression, bring about cell specialization3.B.2: A selection of intercellular and intracellular signal transobjectives mediate gene expression.

Enthroughout understanding 3.C: The processing of hereditary information is imperfect and is a resource of genetic variation.

3.C.1: Changes in genokind have the right to lead to changes in phenoform.3.C.2: Biological devices have actually multiple processes that rise hereditary variation 3.C.3: Viral replication outcomes in hereditary variation, and also viral infection have the right to present hereditary variation into the hosts.

Enthroughout expertise 3.D: Cells communicate by generating, transmitting and receiving chemical signals.

See more: haploid cells do not undergo mitosis.

3.D.1: Cell communication procedures share prevalent attributes that reflect a shared evolutionary history.3.D.2: Cells interact via each various other through straight call via various other cells or from a distance by means of chemical signaling 3.D.3: Signal transduction pathmeans attach signal reception through cellular response 3.D.4: Changes in signal transduction pathways have the right to alter cellular response

Enin the time of knowledge 3.E: Transmission of indevelopment results in changes within and also in between biological systems.

3.E.1: Individuals can act on information and communicate it to others.3.E.2: Animals have actually nervous systems that detect outside and inner signals, transmit and integrate information, and create responses.


Sample Learning Objectives

justify the selection of information from historic investigations that support the claim that DNA is the resource of heritable indevelopment.

explain models illustrating how genetic indevelopment is interpreted into polypeptides.

predict how a readjust in DNA or RNA have the right to result in alters in gene expression

describe the events that occur in the cell cycle

construct a depiction that connects the procedure of meiosis to the passage of traits from parent to offspring

explain just how the inheritance patterns of many traits cannot be accounted for by Mendelian genetics.

define just how the regulation of gene expression is important for the processes that support cell function

describe the connection in between hereditary variations in organisms and phenotypic variations in populaces

use models to explain exactly how viral replication introduces genetic variation in the viral populace.

develop representation(s) that depict just how cell-to-cell interaction occurs

Big Idea 4: System

Biological systems communicate, and also these systems and their interactions possess complex properties.

Enin the time of knowledge 4.A: Interactions within organic devices bring about facility properties.

4.A.1: The subcomponents of organic molecules and their sequence recognize the properties of that molecule. 4.A.2: The framework and feature of subcellular components, and their interactions, administer important cellular processes.4.A.3: Interactions in between exterior stimuli and also regulated gene expression result in specialization of cells, tproblems and also organs.4.A.4: Organisms exhilittle facility properties because of interactions between their constituent components. 4.A.5: Communities are written of populaces of organisms that connect in complex methods. 4.A.6: Interactions among living systems and also through their setting lead to the activity of matter and also energy.

Enin the time of expertise 4.B: Competition and participation are necessary aspects of organic systems.

4.B.1: Interactions in between molecules influence their structure and function.4.B.2: Cooperative interactions within organisms promote efficiency in the usage of energy and matter. 4.B.3: Interactions between and within populations influence trends of species circulation and also abundance. 4.B.4: Distribution of local and international ecounits changes over time.

Enthroughout expertise 4.C: Naturally occurring diversity among and also in between components within organic systems affects interactions through the setting.

4.C.1: Variation in molecular devices gives cells with a broader selection of functions.4.C.2: Environmental components affect the expression of the genotype in an organism.4.C.3: The level of variation in a population affects populace dynamics.4.C.4: The diversity of species within an ecosystem may affect the stcapacity of the ecosystem.


Sample Learning Objectives

use models to describe how the subcomponents of a organic polymer identify the properties of that polymer

construct explacountries as to exactly how interactions of subcellular structures provide important functions

predict the results of a adjust in a component of a organic system on the functionality of an organism

show just how interactions among living units via their atmosphere bring about the activity of matter and energy

explain exactly how the distribution of ecodevices changes over time by identifying large-scale events in the past.

predict after-effects of huguy actions on both local and international ecodevices.

make predictions about just how species diversity impacts ecosystem stability

Science Practices

Science Practice 1: The student have the right to use representations and also models to communicate clinical phenomena and also deal with clinical troubles.Science Practice 2: The student have the right to use mathematics appropriately.Science Practice 3: The student deserve to communicate in clinical questioning to extend thinking or to overview investigations within the context of the AP course.Science Practice 4: The student deserve to setup and also implement data repertoire techniques in relation to a particular clinical question. (Note: File can be collected from many various sources, e.g., investigations, scientific monitorings, the findings of others, historic rebuilding and/or archived information.)Science Practice 5: The student have the right to perform information analysis and review of proof.Science Practice 6: The student deserve to occupational with clinical explacountries and theories.Science Practice 7: The student is able to attach and also relate understanding across assorted scales, ideas and also depictions in and also across domain names.