Biology chapter 13 genetic engineering test

2 What form of organisms have actually been produced by selective breeding?DOGS, CATS, HORSES

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3 Selective reproduction produces ____.

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DESIRED TRAITS
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4 What type of genetic technology is most most likely to bring together two recessive alleles for a genetic defect? INBREEDING

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5 The crossing of buffalo and also cattle to create beefalo is an instance of ______.HYBRIDIZATION

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6 What is the ultimate resource of genetic variability?MUTATIONS

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7 Polyploidy instantly outcomes in a brand-new plant species because it ___.CHANGES A SPECIES’ CHROMOSOME NUMBER PRODUCES A HARDIER SPECIES. 3. CAUSES MUTATIONS

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8 One attribute of gel electrophoresis is to ___.SEPARATE DNA FRAGMENTS

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9 The process of making changes in the DNA code of a living organism is referred to as ___GENETIC ENGINEERING

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10 Knowing the sequence of an organism’s DNA permits researchers to ____.STUDY SPECIFIC GENES

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11 What sort of approach perform researchers use to make transgenic organisms?GENETIC ENGINEERING

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12 CAN PRODUCE HUMAN PROTEINS IN LARGE AMOUNTSWhat is an advantage of making use of transgenic bacteria to produce huguy proteins? CAN PRODUCE HUMAN PROTEINS IN LARGE AMOUNTS

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13 What has actually been an advantage of producing transgenic plants?INCREASING THE FOOD SUPPLY

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14 The Scottish scientist Ian Wilmut cloned a______.SHEEP

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15 RESTRICTION ENZYME PRODUCING DNA FRAGMENTWhat does Figure 13–1 show? Figure 13-1 RESTRICTION ENZYME PRODUCING DNA FRAGMENT

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16 In Figure 13–1, in between which nucleotides is the DNA cut?ADENINE & GUANINE

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17 People have actually used ______ to develop many type of various dog breeds.SELECTIVE BREEDING

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18 Without selective reproduction, dogs now would more than likely be _____ comparable.LESS

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19 Hybrids are regularly _____than either of their parental fees.HARDIER

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20 Animal breeders keep cat and dog breeds by the procedure of ___________.SELECTIVE BREEDING

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21 A polyploid plant has more than two duplicates of each _____.

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GENE
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22 To transcreate a plant, scientists inject DNA into _____.CELL

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23 To develop a recombinant plasmid, the plasmid and also the international DNA are cut via ________ restriction enzyme. THE SAME

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24 Scientists use ________to identify which pet cells have been successfully transdeveloped.GENETIC MARKERS

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25 Bacterial cells that have been transformed via a plasmid that carries a genetic marker for resistance to the antibiotic tetracycline _______ make it through in a culture treated with tetracycline. WILL

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26 To develop Dolly, Ian Wilmut rerelocated the nucleus from a sheep’s _____ cell and fprovided it through a cell taken from another adult. EGG CELL

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27 Humans usage selective reproduction to pass wanted ____ on to the next generation of organisms.TRAITS

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28 ____ is the approach of selective breeding that has actually led to deformities in particular dog breeds.INBREEDING

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29 To develop a fruit that has actually some qualities of an orange and some of a grapefruit, you would use the selective reproduction strategy of ____. HYBRIDIZATION

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30 Eliminating an unpreferable trait from a dog breed would certainly probably require the technique of selective breeding called ___. HYBRIDIZATION

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31 Scientists use radiation and also chemicals to induce______.MUTATIONS

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32 The mutations that breeders induce in organisms are passed on to the organisms’ ___.OFFSPRING

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33 A DNA sample will certainly form a solitary band on an electrophoresis gel if all the fragments are the exact same _______. LENGTH

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34 The procedure of polymerase chain reactivity is comparable to the process of ____, which occurs in cells.MITOSIS

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35 Some plasmids have actually hereditary markers that make them resistant to _____.ANTIBIOTICS

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36 Dolly is not a transgenic pet bereason all of her genes are from the ___ type of organism.SAME

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37 In Figure 13–2, what do the bands displayed in B consist of?DNA FRAGMENTS

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38 Which team of bands in Figure 13–2 moved faster?

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39 What is occurring in A in Figure 13–2?DNA IS BEING PIPETTED INTO THE GEL BED

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40 DNA IS NEGATIVELY CHARGEDIn Figure 13–2, why are the bands in B moving toward the positive finish of the gel? Figure 13–2 DNA IS NEGATIVELY CHARGED

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41 BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.In what ways has selective reproduction been valuable to humans this particular day and also in the past? BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.

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42 Explain an benefit and also a disadvantage of inbreeding.BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.

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