Home / biology / biology chapter 13 genetic engineering test Biology chapter 13 genetic engineering test 10/08/2021 2 What form of organisms have actually been produced by selective breeding?DOGS, CATS, HORSES 3 Selective reproduction produces ____.You watching: Biology chapter 13 genetic engineering testDESIRED TRAITS 4 What type of genetic technology is most most likely to bring together two recessive alleles for a genetic defect? INBREEDING 5 The crossing of buffalo and also cattle to create beefalo is an instance of ______.HYBRIDIZATION 6 What is the ultimate resource of genetic variability?MUTATIONS 7 Polyploidy instantly outcomes in a brand-new plant species because it ___.CHANGES A SPECIES’ CHROMOSOME NUMBER PRODUCES A HARDIER SPECIES. 3. CAUSES MUTATIONS 8 One attribute of gel electrophoresis is to ___.SEPARATE DNA FRAGMENTS 9 The process of making changes in the DNA code of a living organism is referred to as ___GENETIC ENGINEERING 10 Knowing the sequence of an organism’s DNA permits researchers to ____.STUDY SPECIFIC GENES 11 What sort of approach perform researchers use to make transgenic organisms?GENETIC ENGINEERING 12 CAN PRODUCE HUMAN PROTEINS IN LARGE AMOUNTSWhat is an advantage of making use of transgenic bacteria to produce huguy proteins? CAN PRODUCE HUMAN PROTEINS IN LARGE AMOUNTS 13 What has actually been an advantage of producing transgenic plants?INCREASING THE FOOD SUPPLY 14 The Scottish scientist Ian Wilmut cloned a______.SHEEP 15 RESTRICTION ENZYME PRODUCING DNA FRAGMENTWhat does Figure 13–1 show? Figure 13-1 RESTRICTION ENZYME PRODUCING DNA FRAGMENT 16 In Figure 13–1, in between which nucleotides is the DNA cut?ADENINE & GUANINE 17 People have actually used ______ to develop many type of various dog breeds.SELECTIVE BREEDING 18 Without selective reproduction, dogs now would more than likely be _____ comparable.LESS 19 Hybrids are regularly _____than either of their parental fees.HARDIER 20 Animal breeders keep cat and dog breeds by the procedure of ___________.SELECTIVE BREEDING 21 A polyploid plant has more than two duplicates of each _____.See more: Solved: The Decline Of Mpf At The End Of Mitosis Is Caused ByGENE 22 To transcreate a plant, scientists inject DNA into _____.CELL 23 To develop a recombinant plasmid, the plasmid and also the international DNA are cut via ________ restriction enzyme. THE SAME 24 Scientists use ________to identify which pet cells have been successfully transdeveloped.GENETIC MARKERS 25 Bacterial cells that have been transformed via a plasmid that carries a genetic marker for resistance to the antibiotic tetracycline _______ make it through in a culture treated with tetracycline. WILL 26 To develop Dolly, Ian Wilmut rerelocated the nucleus from a sheep’s _____ cell and fprovided it through a cell taken from another adult. EGG CELL 27 Humans usage selective reproduction to pass wanted ____ on to the next generation of organisms.TRAITS 28 ____ is the approach of selective breeding that has actually led to deformities in particular dog breeds.INBREEDING 29 To develop a fruit that has actually some qualities of an orange and some of a grapefruit, you would use the selective reproduction strategy of ____. HYBRIDIZATION 30 Eliminating an unpreferable trait from a dog breed would certainly probably require the technique of selective breeding called ___. HYBRIDIZATION 31 Scientists use radiation and also chemicals to induce______.MUTATIONS 32 The mutations that breeders induce in organisms are passed on to the organisms’ ___.OFFSPRING 33 A DNA sample will certainly form a solitary band on an electrophoresis gel if all the fragments are the exact same _______. LENGTH 34 The procedure of polymerase chain reactivity is comparable to the process of ____, which occurs in cells.MITOSIS 35 Some plasmids have actually hereditary markers that make them resistant to _____.ANTIBIOTICS 36 Dolly is not a transgenic pet bereason all of her genes are from the ___ type of organism.SAME 37 In Figure 13–2, what do the bands displayed in B consist of?DNA FRAGMENTS 38 Which team of bands in Figure 13–2 moved faster? 39 What is occurring in A in Figure 13–2?DNA IS BEING PIPETTED INTO THE GEL BED 40 DNA IS NEGATIVELY CHARGEDIn Figure 13–2, why are the bands in B moving toward the positive finish of the gel? Figure 13–2 DNA IS NEGATIVELY CHARGED 41 BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.In what ways has selective reproduction been valuable to humans this particular day and also in the past? BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION. 42 Explain an benefit and also a disadvantage of inbreeding.BE ABLE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.