Campbell biology 10th edition ppt

Presentation on theme: "LECTURE PRESENTATIONS For CAMPBELL BIOLOGY, NINTH EDITION Jane B.

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Reece, Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Stalso A. Wasserman, Peter V.

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Minorskies, Robert."— Presentation transcript:


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3 Figure 4.1

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6 Figure 4.2 EXPERIMENT “Atmosphere” Electrode Condenser CH 4 H2H2 NH 3 Water vapor Cooled “rain” containing organic molecules Cold water Sample for chemical evaluation H 2 O “sea”

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8 Figure 4.3 Name and Comment Molecular Formula (a) Methane (b) Ethane CH 4 Ball-and- Stick Model Space-Filling Model (c) Ethene (ethylene) C2H6C2H6 C2H4C2H4 Structural Formula

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9 Figure 4.4 Hydrogen (valence  1) Oxygen (valence  2) Nitrogen (valence  3) Carbon (valence  4)

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10 Figure 4.UN01 Urea

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11 Figure 4.5a (a) Length Ethane Propane

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12 Figure 4.5b (b) Branching Butane 2-Methylpropane (typically called isobutane)

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13 Figure 4.5c 1-Butene (c) Double bond place 2-Butene

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14 Figure 4.5d (d) Presence of rings Cyclohexane Benzene

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16 Figure 4.6 Nucleus Fat droplets (b) A fat molecule(a) Part of a huguy adipose cell 10  m

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18 Figure 4.7 (a) Structural isomers (b) Cis-trans isomers (c) Enantiomers cis isomer: The two Xs are on the same side. trans isomer: The two Xs are on opposite sides. CO 2 H CH 3 H NH 2 L isomer NH 2 CH 3 H D isomer

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19 Figure 4.7a (a) Structural isomers

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20 Figure 4.7b (b) Cis-trans isomers cis isomer: The two Xs are on the very same side. trans isomer: The 2 Xs are on opposite sides.

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21 Figure 4.7c (c) Enantiomers CO 2 H CH 3 H NH 2 L isomer NH 2 CH 3 H D isomer

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22 Figure 4.8 Drug Ibuprofen Albuterol Condition Effective Enantiomer Inreliable Enantiomer Pain; inflammation Asthma S-IbuprofenR-Ibuprofen R-Albuterol S-Albuterol

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24 Figure 4.UN02 Estradiol Testosterone

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26 Figure 4. UN05 Adenosine Reacts via H 2 O Inorganic phosphate ATP ADP Energy

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