Essentials of conservation biology primack

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Essentials of Conservation Biology, Sixth Edition, combines concept and applied and basic research study to explain the relationships between conservation biology and also ecology, climate change biology, the security of threatened species, safeguarded area administration, eco-friendly economics, and sustainable advance. A major layout throughout the book is the energetic duty that researchers, neighborhood world, the general public, conservation organizations, and governments deserve to play in protecting biodiversity, even while offering for humale needs.Each chapter begins via general principles and also values, which are illustrated via choice examples from the existing literature. The a lot of instructive examples are debated in boxes highlighting tasks, species, and worries of certain meaning. Chapters finish with summaries, an annotated list of said readings, and also conversation concerns. This brand-new edition comes with comprehensive summary statements in the text margins, as study aids.

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Essentials of Conservation Biology, Sixth Edition, is beautitotally shown in full shade, and is composed in clear, non-technological language, making it well-suited for undergraduate courses.RESOURCESFor InstructorsInstructor"s Resource CD-ROM This reresource contains all numbers (line-art illustrations and photographs) and tables from the textbook, provided as both high- and also low-resolution JPEGs. All have actually been formatted and optimized for great projection high quality. Also contained are ready-to-usage PowerPoint presentations of all figures and tables.

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Ricdifficult B. Primack is a Professor in the Biology Department at Boston College. He obtained his B.A. at Harvard University in 1972 and also his Ph.D. at Battle Each Other University in 1976, and also then was a postdoctdental fellow at the University of Canterbury and Harvard University. He has actually served as a visiting professor at the University of Hong Kong and Tokyo University, and has actually been awarded Bullard and Putnam Fellowships from Harvard College and also a Guggenheim Fellowship. Dr. Primack was President of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, and also is currently Editor-in-Chief of the journal Biological Conservation. Twenty-eight foreign-language editions of his conservation biology textbooks (the Essentials and also the shorter Primer of Conservation Biology) have actually been produced, with regional coauthors. He is an writer of rain forest books, most newly Tropical Rain Forests: An Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison (with Rictough Corlett). Dr. Primack"s research study interests include: the organic impacts of climate change; the loss of species in defended areas; tropical forest ecology and conservation; and conservation education. He has newly completed a well-known book about alters in Concord given that the time of Henry David Thoreau, titled Walden Warming: Climate Change Comes to Thoreau"s Woods.

Table of Contents

PART I. MAJOR ISSUES THAT DEFINE THE DISCIPLINEChapter 1. What Is Conservation Biology?The New Science of Conservation BiologyConservation biology complements the typical disciplinesConservation biology"s ethical principlesBox 1.1. Collaborative Conservation: The Recovery of Kemp"s Ridley Sea TurtlesThe Origins of Conservation BiologyEuropean originsAmerihave the right to originsA New Science Is BornConservation biology: A dynamic and prospering fieldChapter 2. What Is Biodiversity?Species DiversityWhat is a species?Box 2.1. Naming and Classifying SpeciesThe beginning of new speciesMeasuring species diversityGenetic DiversityEcomechanism DiversityWhat are areas and also ecosystems?Ecological successionBox 2.2. Kelp Forests and also Sea Otters: Shaping an Ocean EcosystemSpecies interactions within ecosystemsPrinciples of area organizationKeyrock species and guildsKeystone resourcesEcodevice dynamicsConclusionChapter 3. Where Is the World"s Biodiversity Found?Diverse EcosystemsTropical forestsCdental reefsOceanic diversityMediterranean-form communitiesPatterns of DiversityVariation in climate and also environmentVariation in topography, geological age, and habitat sizeWhy Are There So Many Species in the Tropics?How Many type of Species Exist Worldwide?New species are being uncovered all the timeDiscoextremely of brand-new speciesRecently Discovered CommunitiesBox 3.1. Conserving a World Unknown: Hydrothermal Vents and Oil PlumesDiversity surveys: Collecting and counting speciesEstimating the variety of speciesBox 3.2. Humans as Habitat: The Incredible Diversity of the Human MicrobiomeThe Need for More Taxonomists and also CollectionsPART II. VALUING BIODIVERSITYChapter 4. Ecological EconomicsEcological and Environmental EconomicsExamining Advancement ProjectsCost-advantage analysisNatural Reresource Loss and the Wealth of SocietiesBox 4.1. Conservation as an Economic Driver: National Parks in the United StatesAssigning Economic Value to BiodiversityDirect Use ValuesConsumptive use valueProductive usage valueMultiple uses of a solitary resource: A case studyChapter 5. Instraight Use ValueThe Value of Ecodevice ServicesEcodevice productivity and also carbon sequestrationWater and soil protectionWaste treatment and also nutrient retentionBox 5.1. Prophecy Fulfilled: How Ecomechanism Services Became Front-Page NewsClimate regulationSpecies relationshipsBox 5.2. How Much Are Bats Worth? A Case Study of Texas BatsBox 5.3. Pollination: A Vital Ecosystem ServiceEnvironpsychological monitorsAmenity valueEducational and clinical valueThe Long-Term View: Option ValueExistence ValueIs Economic Valuation Enough?Chapter 6. Ethical ValuesEthical Values of BiodiversityEthical arguments for keeping biodiversityBox 6.1. Sharks: Conservation Benefits of a Public Perception Makeover?Box 6.2. Religion and also ConservationEnlightened self-interest: Biodiversity and humale developmentEvolving Perspectives and Deep EcologyPART III. THREATS TO BIODIVERSITYChapter 7. ExtinctionPast Mass ExtinctionsThe Current, Human-Caoffered Mass ExtinctionBackground Extinction RatesExtinction Rates on IslandsBox 7.1. Extinctions of Island BirdsExtinction Rates in Aquatic EnvironmentsEstimating Extinction Rates via the Island Biolocation ModelExtinction rates and also habitat lossAssumptions and generalizations in the island also biogeography modelTime to extinctionLocal ExtinctionsEstimating populace extinction ratesChapter 8. Vulnercapacity to ExtinctionEndemic Species and also ExtinctionVulnercapacity to ExtinctionBox 8.1. Why Are Frogs and Toads Croaking?IUCN Conservation CategoriesThe U.S. Endangered Species ActNatural Heritage File CentersChapter 9. Habitat Destruction, Fragmentation, Degradation, and also Global Climate ChangeHuman being Population Growth and Its ImpactHabitat DestructionThreatened tropical rain forestsOther intimidated habitatsNaval coastal areasDesertificationHabitat FragmentationPopulation effectsEdge effectsTwo researches of habitat fragmentationHabitat Degradation and PollutionPesticide pollutionWater pollutionBox 9.1. Pesticides and also Raptors: Sentinel Species Warn of DangerAir pollutionGlobal Climate ChangeChanges in tempeprice and tropical climatesPlants and also climate changeRising sea levels and warmer watersThe all at once effect of international warmingChapter 10. Overexploitation, Invasive Species, and also DiseaseOverexploitationExploitation in the contemporary worldInternationwide wildlife tradeBox 10.1. Endangered Whales: Making a Comeback?Commercial harvestingWhat have the right to be done to speak overexploitation?Invasive SpeciesInvasive species on islandsBox 10.2. GMOs and Conservation BiologyInvasive species in aquatic habitatsThe ability of species to become invasiveControl of invasive speciesDiseaseImplications of Invasive Species and also Diseases for Human HealthA Concluding RemarkPART IV. CONSERVATION AT THE POPULATION AND SPECIES LEVELSChapter 11. Problems of Small PopulationsEssential Concepts for Small PopulationsMinimum viable populace (MVPLoss of genetic variabilityConsequences of decreased hereditary variabilityFactors that identify efficient population sizeBox 11.1. Rhino Species in Asia and also Africa: Genetic Diversity and also Habitat LossOther Factors That Affect the Persistence of Small PopulationsDemographic variationEnvironmental variation and catastrophesExtinction VorticesChapter 12. Applied Population BiologyMethods for Studying PopulationsGathering ecological informationMonitoring populationsBox 12.1. Finding a Needle in a Haystack: Monitoring Rare Species through Environmental DNA (eDNA)Population Vicapacity AnalysisBox 12.2. Three Primatologists Who Became ActivistsMetapopulationsLong-Term Monitoring of Species and EcosystemsChapter 13. Starting New PopulationsThree Approaches to Establishing New PopulationsBox 13.1. Wolves Return and also Change an EcosystemNew Animal PopulationsLearned actions of released animalsNew Plant PopulationsThe Status of New PopulationsChapter 14. Ex Situ Conservation StrategiesEx Situ Conservation FacilitiesZoosBox 14.1. Love Alone Cannot Save the Giant PandaBox 14.2. Can Technology Bring Back Extinct Species?AquariumsBotanical gardens and also arboretumsSeed banksBox 14.3. Seed Savers and also Crop VarietiesConclusionPART V. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONSChapter 15. Establishing Protected AreasTypes and also Group of Protected AreasExisting Protected AreasMaritime defended areasBox 15.1. The Rise of Giant Marine Protected AreasThe performance of protected areasCreating New Protected AreasFounding conservation prioritiesIdentifying areas to protectSelecting New Protected Areas: Filling Gaps and also Creating NetworksVoid analysisChapter 16. Designing Netfunctions of Protected AreasIssues of Reserve DesignProtected area size and characteristicsReserve architecture and species preservationMinimizing edge and fragmentation effectsNetworks of Protected AreasHabitat corridorsBox 16.1. Ecologists and Real Estate Experts Mingle at The Nature ConservancyHabitat corridor instance studiesLandscape Ecology and Park DesignConclusionChapter 17. Managing Protected AreasMonitoring as a Management ToolBox 17.1. Drones: No Longer Just for the MilitaryIdentifying and Managing ThreatsManaging invasive speciesManaging HabitatBox 17.2. Habitat Management: The Key to Success in the Conservation of Endangered ButterfliesManaging WaterManaging Keyrock ResourcesManagement and Local CommunitiesZoning to separate conflicting demandsRegulating Activities inside Protected AreasBox 17.3. Is Arctic Wildlife Management Compatible through Oil Drilling?Challenges in Park ManagementLack of resourcesManagement in a rapidly changing environmentChapter 18. Conservation Outside Protected AreasThe Value of Unprotected HabitatBox 18.1. In Defense of Wildlife . . . Sfinish in the SoldiersConservation in Urban AreasConservation in Agricultural AreasMultiple Use HabitatEcomechanism ManagementCase StudiesManaged coniferous forestsCommunity-based wildlife administration in Namibia and also KenyaChapter 19. Repair EcologyWright here to Start?Box 19.1. Restoring an Extinct Ecodevice on the Edge of AmsterdamDamage and RestorationEcological Reconstruction TechniquesPractical considerationsRepair in Urban AreasReconstruction of Some Major CommunitiesWetlandsBox 19.2. Restoring the Everglades: An Ambitious Project to Resave One of the World"s Largest WetlandsRiversLakesPrairies and farmlandsBox 19.3. Can Many kind of Small Projects Clean Up the Chesapeake Bay?Tropical dry forest in Costa RicaThe Future of Reconstruction EcologyPART VI. CONSERVATION AND HUMAN SOCIETIESChapter 20. Conservation and also Sustainable Growth at the Local and also National LevelsConservation at the Local LevelLocal legislationBox 20.1. How Clean Is "Green" Energy?Land trusts and financial incentivesConservation at the National LevelThe U.S. Endangered Species Act in practiceClassic Societies, Conservation, and Sustainable UseConservation beliefsConservation efforts that involve conventional societiesAssessing conservation efforts that involve typical societiesBox 20.2. Conservation and Poverty Reduction: Can It Be as Simple as Paying to Protect Bird Nests?Chapter 21. An International Approach to Conservation and Sustainable DevelopmentInternational Agreements to Protect SpeciesBox 21.1. The War for the Elephant: Is the Armistice Over?International Agreements to Protect HabitatInternational Planet SummitsFunding for ConservationWhat gets funded?Large Growth ProjectsRecreating breakthrough lendingBox 21.2. The Three Gorges Dam at Twelve Years OldNational ecological fundsDebt-for-nature swapsHow Effective Is Conservation Funding?Increased funding is essential for the futureChapter 22. An Agenda for the FutureOngoing Problems and also Possible SolutionsBox 22.1. Getting Your Hands Dirty: Citizen Science and Shaping the Next off Generation of ConservationistsThe Role of Conservation BiologistsBox 22.2. Environpsychological Activism Confronts the Opposition in the Field and in the BoardroomChallenges for conservation biologistsAchieving the agendaAppendixIllustration CreditsGlossaryBibliographyIndex