What Is The Difference Between The Cell Wall And The Cell Membrane

A cell is the structural and sensible functioning unit of life and also likewise been explained as structure blocks and basic unit of an organism. The term cell was coined by an English scientist Robert Hooke in the year 1665. The shape and size of the cells vary according to their functions and compositions. Tbelow are various types of cells and also can be identified based on the presence and also lack of few cell organelles.

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The cell wall is current just in plants, fungi and also bacteria. The image over represents a plant cell wall

The cell wall is the outerthe majority of spanning of plant cells. It is present outside the cell membrane and also is tough, versatile and also sometimes rigid in its texture. It is largely composed of cellulose, lengthy fibres of carbohydrates consisting of hemicellulose, lignin and also pectin.

The primary functions of the cell wall are:

Protecting the cell versus physical damage and also invading pathogens.

Regulates and controls the direction of cell growth.

Providing the stamina, structural support and also keeping the form of the cell.

Functions as a storage unit by storing carbohydrates for usage in plant development, particularly in seeds.

It enables entry of smaller sized molecules via it openly.

Explore More: Plant cell


Cell Membrane is present in all organisms consisting of plants

The cell membrane is additionally well-known as the plasma membrane. It is the outera lot of spanning of pet cells. It is a semi-permeable membrane written of lipids and proteins. The primary features of the cell membrane include:

Protecting the integrity of the interior cell.

Providing assistance and also keeping the form of the cell.

Helps in regulating cell expansion via the balance of endocytosis and exocytosis.

The cell membrane additionally plays a critical duty in cell signalling and also interaction.

It acts as a selectively permeable membrane by allowing the entry of just selected substances right into the cell.

Also Read: Animal Cell

Difference between Cell Wall surface and Cell Membrane

One of the standard distinctions between the plasma membrane and the cell wall is in the kind of organisms that they are found. The cell wall is existing only in plants and also the cell membrane is current in eexceptionally living organism including plants.



Present out just in plants and also in some fungi, bacteria, algae.Present in all forms of cells, in people, pets, plants, bacteria, and so on.
It is the outera lot of component of the plant cellIt is the outerthe majority of extending the pet cells
It is consisted of of pectin, chitin, lignin, glycoproteins, glycolipids, sugar, and also cellushed.It is a lipid bilayer. And is created of lipoproteins and also carbohydprices.
The cell wall is 0.1 μm to several μm in thicknessThe cell membrane is 7.5–10 nm in thickness
It is the thick and rigid framework with a addressed form.

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It is a thin and breakable framework. It is flexible to adjust the form as required.
It protects the cell from the exterior environment.It protects and also maintains the inner atmosphere of the cell.
The cell wall is metabolically inactiveThe cell membrane is metabolically active.
The cell wall grows in thickness over time. More, it occupies the whole cell in the plant as the cell periods and also dies.It is of the exact same thickness for the life time of the organism.
The cell wall is fully permeable to smaller molecules via the dimension of 30-60 kDa.The membrane is selectively permeable and also controls the movement of the substance into and also external the cell.
Functions include security from the external atmosphere.Functions incorporate permecapability, signal reception, motility conduction, cell department, sex-related reproduction, and so on.

Also Read: Difference Between Plant cell and also Animal cell


The cell wall and cell membrane are two organelles that are a crucial part of living organisms. However, the previous is discovered only in plants, fungi and also in some bacteria. Traditionally, a cell well is characterized as the layer of polysaccharides that exists exterior the plasma membrane. It is rigid and serves structural and supportive attributes. On the other hand also, the cell wall in fungi is made from one more product dubbed chitin, which is additionally found in the exoskeleloads of arthropods.

The cell membrane is existing in all living organisms, including plants. It is the outermany layer of the cell in pets and encloses other cellular organelles within. Unlike the cell wall, the cell membrane is flexible and its form deserve to be changed as necessary. Also, it is metabolically energetic and has selective permecapability.

Important Questions for Cell Wall and Cell Membrane

1. What is the main feature of the cell wall?

The cell wall is the outera lot of layer in a plant cell. It provides structural assistance and rigidity for the plant body.

2. What is the function of the cell membrane?

Unprefer the cell wall, the cell membrane is present in all living organisms, including plants. The major duty of the cell membrane is to provide defense to the cell from its surroundings.

3. Are cell walls and cell membranes the very same thing?

Cell wall surfaces are distinctly various from cell membranes. For circumstances, the cell wall is current just in plants, fungi and also some bacteria. The cell membrane, on the other hand also, is current in all living organisms consisting of plants.

4. What is the function of the plasma membrane?

The cell membrane is additionally referred to as the plasma membrane. It offers defense for the cell and also its cellular components from the exterior atmosphere. It is selectively permeable and also regulates the motion of molecules in and out of the cell.

5. What is the primary component of the cell wall?

The main component of the cell wall varies via various organisms. In the plant cells, cellulose is the primary component of the cell wall, in bacteria the primary component of the cell wall is peptidoglyhave the right to and also in fungi the main component of the cell wall is chitin.

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