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Suggested Citation:"Chapter 5: Frequently Asked Questions About Evolution and also the Nature of Science." National Academy of Sciences. 1998. Teaching About Evolution and also the Nature of Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5787.

Teachers frequently face difficult inquiries about development, many from parental fees and others who object to advancement being taught. Science has great answers to these questions, answers that attract on the evidence supporting evolution and on the nature of science. This chapter presents brief answers to some of the most frequently asked inquiries.

You watching: Which of the following does not accurately depict a scientific theory?

What is evolution?

Evolution in the broadest sense explains that what we see now is various from what existed in the past. Galaxies, stars, the solar system, and also earth have readjusted via time, and also so has life on earth.

Biological evolution pertains to transforms in living points throughout the background of life on earth. It explains that living things share common ancestors. With time, evolutionary adjust offers climb to new species. Darwin dubbed this process "descent via alteration," and also it continues to be a good meaning of biological evolution this day.

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What is "production science"?

The ideas of "creation science" derive from the conviction that God developed the universe—including people and also various other living things—overall in the relatively recent past. However, scientists from many fields have examined these concepts and have discovered them to be scientifically insupportable. For instance, proof for an extremely young earth is incompatible through many kind of different approaches of establishing the age of rocks. Additionally, bereason the fundamental proposals of creation scientific research are not topic to test and also verification, these concepts execute not accomplish the criteria for science. Indeed, UNITED STATE courts have ruled that concepts of development scientific research are religious views and cannot be taught as soon as development is taught.

The Supporting Evidence

How have the right to evolution be scientific as soon as no one was tbelow to see it happen?

This question mirrors a narrowhead see of exactly how science functions. Things in scientific research have the right to be studied even if they cannot be straight oboffered or experimented on. Excavators examine previous cultures by examining the artefacts those cultures left behind. Geologists can describe past changes in sea level by studying the marks ocean waves left on rocks. Paleontologists study the fossilized stays of organisms that lived long ago.

Somepoint that occurred in the past is for this reason not "off limits" for scientific research. Hypotheses can be made around such phenomena, and these hypotheses can be tested and have the right to lead to solid conclusions. Additionally, many vital elements of evolution happen in reasonably short periods that deserve to be observed directly—such as the development in bacteria of resistance to antibiotics.

Isn"t advancement simply an inference?

No one saw the development of one-toed horses from three-toed steeds, yet that does not mean that we cannot be confident that steeds developed. Science is practiced in many methods besides straight observation and trial and error. Much scientific discovery is done via indirect experimentation